Re: [isabelle] Is there an “isabelle make” tutorial?

Le Tue, 07 Aug 2012 22:48:48 +0200, Makarius <makarius at> a écrit:

On Tue, 7 Aug 2012, Yannick Duchêne (Hibou57) wrote:

I feel so poor and miserable at understanding how “isabelle make” works,
I believe I should seek for a tutorial about Isabelle variant of make.
I've read “~~/doc/system.pdf” multiple times, but I'm still failing to
figure what's wrong.

Basically the chaper 3 of system.pdf is the tutorial. Isabelle make is in
fact easy to explain 100% in 1 line, by giving its implementation:

   exec make -f IsaMakefile "$@"

The rest of the complexity is in "make" and "IsaMakefile". There are many versions of "make", and all of them are very complex. The IsaMakefile can
in principle do whatever it pleases with the available tools, notably
"isabelle usedir" and "isabelle document", but one should imitate existing
examples closely.

BTW, this is the last release with the canon of isabelle mkdir / usedir /
make / makeall tools -- I am working on the replacement since a couple of
weeks already, after more than 15 years of suffering from isabelle make

OK, I will wait that couple of weeks and learn about the new design (P.S. Me too, I don't enjoy the *NIX make command)

Example of what's going wrong:

* When I've updated the theory file and run “isabelle make”, it says
“nothing to do”

This indicates that your dependencies are not properly declare.  The bad
thing about "make" is that you have to do it yourself, but variants of GNU
make allow approxitive *.thy document/*.tex for example.

* BASE_DEPENDENCIES seems to be ignored


Somewhere, in a ~~/doc/*.pdf documents, there was a sentence directing to ~~/src/HOL/IsaMakefile. I saw this definition, and as I had troubles with dependencies, I though the answer was this. So I was wrong, OK.

* Produced PDF files always go in an hidden directory beneath

You can say "usedir -d false -D generated" to dump the sources in
"generated/" relatively to the session sources, and then run "isabelle
document" on the result.

So I have to generate the PDF documents separately, OK.

* Seems “-V document=theory,proof,ML” specified for USEDIR is ignored in
  IsaMakefile and always produce both “document.pdf” and “outline.pdf”

Did you actually pass it to the usedir invocation, not just define a
USEDIR variable in the IsaMakefile?

I did it with the USEDIR variable, as though it was the most recommanded way.

* Specifying the “-b” option for USEDIR, it always complains ROOT.ML is

Better avoid the -b option; for historic reasons it assumes a quite
different directory layout: everything in "." instead of the session

I see. I was misleaded by the Example vs Build and though Example was not intended for regular use.

* and so on

The problems of "make" are indeed endless.  In the next release, it will
no longer be used for Isabelle.

I'm able to run the basic “isabelle mkdir MySession; isabelle make” with an
updated ROOT.ML, fine, but any attempt to go beyond that, fails.

Try staying closer to the generated IsaMakefile.  Uncomment the -D
generated option.  Add some *.thy document/*.tex dependencies.


Will do that (using the proper Makefile way I guess), thanks for you valuable comments.

“Syntactic sugar causes cancer of the semi-colons.” [1]
“Structured Programming supports the law of the excluded muddle.” [1]
[1]: Epigrams on Programming — Alan J. — P. Yale University

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