Re: [isabelle] Polymorphic predicate closed under composition

Hi Dmitriy,

Thanks for the confirmation that there is no easy solution. Several monomorphic copies probably do not scale, because my reasoning will involve various instances of the types. So even in simple cases, I need at least 10 copies and I'd have to figure out in each case which copy I need.

What do you think of my axiomatic suggestion?


On 14/05/15 20:04, Dmitriy Traytel wrote:
Hi Andreas,

if there would be a nice way for doing this in HOL, we could simplify a lot of things in
the BNF package.

One approach that comes to mind is to use a locale with several monomorphic copies of P
(as many as you need to express the propetries). Whether this works without being to
painful, depends on what you actually are proving. For BNFs we have used some (trivial)
theorems that are preconditioned with something like "M = M1 o M2" which is later
instantiated with the map_comp theorem (see e.g. src/HOL/BNF_Comp).

Best wishes,

On 13.05.2015 17:41, Andreas Lochbihler wrote:
Dear readers,

In Isabelle/HOL, I would like to reason about a polymorphic predicate P which is closed
under function composition. Since the concrete definition of the predicate is very
tedious and not relevant for the reasoning, I prefer to work just with the closure
properties of P. However, I have not found a nice way to accomplish that. Ideas and
pointers are welcome.

Here are the details. The predicate P should have type "('a => 'b) => bool" and satisfy
properties such as the following (type variables may be restricted to some sort if needed):

1. P (%x :: 'a. x) for every 'c
2. P f ==> P g ==> P (f o g) for all f :: 'a => 'b and g :: 'c => 'a
3. P (%_ :: 'a. x :: 'b)

Clearly, I cannot just define a locale l that fixes P as a parameter and assumes the
properties 1-3, because this does not typecheck as P occurs with different type
instances. Neither does inductive & friends work (for the same reason).

I could define "P" as "%_. True" and derive properties 1-3 from this. However, my
theorem is of the form

  (ALL x. P x --> foo x) ==> P something ==> P something_more_complicated

where the first assumption is folded in a definition. Unfortunately, foo does not hold
for all x. Thus, defining "P" as "%_. True" would allow me to derive False from the
first assumption. So I could circumvent the actual proof of deriving the conclusion from
the second assumption.

I think of axiomatising properties 1-3 for P declared as a global constant with consts.
In a separate theory, I could show that "%_. True" satisfies all the properties stated.
In my understanding, this should ensure that the axioms do not introduce inconsistencies
anywhere. Still, as the theorem is proven in a scope where P is only axiomatised, I
cannot derive False from the first assumption in its proof. In fact, the theorem also
holds for the metamodel of HOL in which P is interpreted as the predicate that I am too
lazy to define (provided that it exists at all, but that's another issue). Is this
argument correct? Are there better ways to approach this?


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