Re: [isabelle] universal quantifiers vs. schematic variables

Thanks for that, interesting.


On 05/10/15 03:35, Larry Paulson wrote:
The nice thing is that what appears to be different behaviours is different aspects of one single operation, namely higher-order Horn clause resolution. Some historical details are available in my 1989 paper The Foundation of a Generic Theorem Prover

See section 4.

Larry Paulson

On 4 Oct 2015, at 19:44, David Cock <david.cock at> wrote:

  Isabelle "knows" this, and thus transparently lifts your result to the schematic lemma "P ?x", ie. a lemma with a named hole where x should be.  That hole can be filled with whatever you like, and so, as Jasmin pointed out, you've effectively got a universally quantified result.

Schematics in the conclusion (e.g. in a subgoal) can work differently.  If at some point you end up with a subgoal of the form "P ?x", you can prove it by substituting a *particular* x that satisfies (P x). For example, you can prove "?x = (0::nat)" with "by(refl)" (i.e. substituting 0), but that proof obviously *doesn't* generalise to all possible substitutions.

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